19 Dec All You Need to Know about Uterine Polyp
Uterine polyps can cause problems with fertility and increase the chances of miscarriage. For conceiving and maintaining a healthy pregnancy it is essential to have a normal uterine cavity and endometrial lining (lining of the uterus cavity).
What is a uterine polyp?
A polyp is a tissue that has overgrown in endometrium of the uterus. Small polyps do not interfere with the reproductive competences of a female but if the polyps are large in size then they may cause infertility issues or increase the chances of miscarriage.
Polyps are prone to bleeding and a uterine polyp that develops near the fallopian tubes may hinder the opening of the tubes, possibly leading to difficulty with becoming pregnant. In rare cases, polyps can be cancerous.
Symptoms may vary from person to person. Some women may not have any symptoms at all and while others may have any out of the following:
- Vaginal bleeding after menopause
- Excessively heavy menstrual periods
- Irregular periods like bleeding varying amounts at frequent but unpredictable intervals
Hormonal factors play a huge role in development of uterine polyps. They are sensitive to estrogen so they grow in response to the estrogen hormone secreted by the ovaries.
Diagnosis and treatment
Uterine polyps are diagnosed at the time of ultrasound (transvaginal ultrasound of the pelvis). The gynaecologist then advises for the following:
- If the uterine polyps are small and have no symptoms then you must follow a wait and watch approach. They might resolve on their own. So repeating the transvaginal ultrasound after periods if the polyps are small is a reasonable option.
- Hysteroscopy and removal of the polyps under direct visualisation. During hysteroscopy a thin telescopic device is inserted inside the uterus, allowing the surgeon to look inside the uterus.
The polyp which is removed is sent to the pathology lab to rule out pre cancer/ cancer. Most uterine polyps are not cancerous. Rarely, uterine polyps can recur. If they do, you might need more treatment.
For further queries and concerns you can schedule an appointment with Triveni Obs and Gynae Clinic at Galleria DLF phase 4 Gurgaon. We have the best treatment for uterine polyps in Gurgaon.