12 Mar How to give birth to a healthy baby? Learn about expert tips from a gynecologist!
To make the venture of having a baby a fruitful joint production, both parents-to-be must work at it. And it is never too early to begin! With appropriate planning and precautions, you can upsurge the probabilities vividly in your favor! The preparatory point for a healthy baby is a healthy egg and a healthy sperm. And the time to start preparing for this happy unification is before the baby is conceived. After that, the matter is pretty much out of your hands. However, there are other factors that must be kept in check in the initial weeks following conception if the baby is to be healthy and normal. It is during the first 12 weeks that the baby’s organs are being shaped, and any one of several threats introduced during this time can skew or impede the formation of these organs. Regrettably, the earliest that most pregnant females visit the best gynaecologist in Gurgaon is after they miss their period (several females make their first gynecological visit even after later) and by this time, it is already too late in high-risk circumstances to control the mutilation. The number and combination of factors that can decide whether a baby is born healthy or not, is comprehensive. But nowadays, thanks to both contemporary medicine and grander awareness among folks, it is possible to control many, if not all of these factors. The imperative thing is for the parents-in-waiting to comprehend that they are equal partners, with their doctors, in the making of a hale and hearty baby. Below given are the factors that play a role and how husband and wife can play their roles to warrant a happy birth day for their baby:
The superlative years for child bearing are between 20 and 30. Below 18 years, there are twin hazards that threaten the baby. One is placenta (the organ formed during pregnancy and which transfers nutrients and other resources from the mother’s body to the baby’s body) either does not grow normally or does not function customarily. This leads to slow or tardy growth of the fetus as it gets only a limited supply of its requirements. Since the baby’s oxygen supply also arrives through the placenta, the deprived baby can even become short of oxygen and expire in the womb. The other hazard in a too-young mother is premature labour with all its associated threats to the baby:
- Respiratory struggle; poor temperature control; an immature gut, and resulting gastrointestinal ailments; low resistance to infections and iron shortage anaemia.
- If the mother is over 35, too, both the above hazards intimidate. As well, there has been found to be a higher occurrence of Down’s syndrome babies (particularly in a mother over 40).
- For the most part, hereditary abnormalities are far more common in the kids of mothers under 16 or over 40.
Smoking or unwarranted alcohol consumption by either the husband or the wife can be detrimental to the baby. In the case of the husband, it can cause abnormal sperm or feeble sperm. At times, this can be the reason of spontaneous abortions. What often happens is that the fetus fails to develop at all (an occurrence known as ‘blighted ovum’). By around the 10th week, bleeding will be followed by complete abortion. A blighted ovum is usually considered to be triggered by the fertilization of a normal ovum by an abnormal sperm. In the majority of circumstances where it befalls, the husband’s seminal count is under supplied and encompasses a high proportion of abnormal sperm. A pregnant lady who smokes limits the oxygen supply to her baby and runs the risk of delivering a premature, low-weight baby. Smoking 30 cigarettes a day can decrease the baby’s weight by about 10 per cent and virtually definitely causes retarded mental and physical growth in later infantile period. The risks of smoking are particularly great after the 16th week of pregnancy.(The pregnant lady must also take care to steer clear of the company of smokers – the pollutants that enter the lungs via passive smoking are supposed to be more than those from active smoking). Also, alcohol in hefty quantities is certainly linked with inherited abnormalities.
Weight control and diet
Disproportionate weight gain is detrimental to both mother and baby. It is vital to allow only upto 28 lb. of weight gain during the entire pregnancy. Weight gain between the 20th and 30th week, especially, brings on the very tangible risk of pre-eclampsia (categorized by raised blood pressure, protein in the urine, inflammation of the feet, ankles or hands). Pre-eclampsia upsurges the risk to the baby, both before and during labour. The danger differs straight in proportion to the mother’s blood pressure. Premature labour leads to a high proportion of small-sized babies, numerous of whom don’t survive. Simultaneously, eating right is significant, since nourishment passes straight from the mother to her unborn kid. The combination to be directed at: a satisfactory quantity of proteins, temperate quantities of fats and carbohydrates, lots of fresh fruits and veggies to offer vitamins and minerals and sufficient fluids. Three nutritional insufficiencies, particularly, must be protected against: iron deficiency, calcium deficiency and folic acid deficiency. Iron deficiency can lead to anaemia which carries two hazards for the baby: one is placental deficiency; the other is premature labour. Calcium is one of the most imperative elements for the growth of the fetus. A baby’s teeth start to form before it is born, and calcium is principal mineral that warrants strong, healthy teeth. Folic acid insufficiency causes megaloblastic anemia in the pregnant lady. Research in recent years also specifies that folic acid supplements might minimize the likelihood of congenital aberrations like spinabifida in the baby.